Incarcerated individuals are at increased risk for poor health. Our health care programs are designed to address and mitigate these circumstances. In addition to mental illness, substance abuse and chronic disease management, communicable disease and risk management are challenges that figure prominently in the design of CMA correctional health programs.
Of particular concern for incarcerated populations are communicable diseases, including tuberculosis (TB), HIV and AIDS, Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), respiratory infections (including influenza) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA).
To mitigate the risk of such disease, CMA follows well-established public health disease-control protocols for screening, diagnosis and treatment, as well as case identification and tracking, contact identification and risk-reduction education. In addition, CMA uses a comprehensive screening and treatment program for HIV that includes initial testing and counseling as well as treatment by a physician with specialized training in the care of HIV-infected inmates. Our communicable disease prevention protocols help reduce the spread of communicable disease in correctional facilities among both inmates and correctional staff, reduce the risk of co-infection among inmates with HIV and ultimately help reduce the spread of disease in the community at-large.
In light of the vulnerable nature of incarcerated individuals, mitigating institutional liability risk is a primary concern of correctional facility managers. Correctional Medical Associates has developed an outstanding risk management component to its services that can effectively shield correctional facilities from lawsuits arising from health care-related issues. CMA's risk management program has won national acclaim as a model for the correctional setting.
Because correctional health care differs from traditional primary care, assuring that correctional health care programs follow established national practice standards also helps reduce the risk of associated liability. Accreditation by nationally recognized correctional accrediting organizations such as the National Commission on Correctional Health Care and the American Correctional Association helps demonstrate that facility practices meet accepted and acceptable benchmarks. CMA works with all correctional facilities it serves to achieve and maintain accreditation and put in place nationally recognized practice standards.